Is Red Wine Good or Bad for You?
Red wine is one of the oldest drinks in the world. It has been already used at a time when mankind has learned to write. Wine has been mentioned in the myths created by many nations, and even Greeks have had a special God of “wine” – Dionysus in the Pantheon.
The wine is a drink that is made from grapes so we do not discuss the drinks that are made from fruits and berries in this article. So, we are about to discuss the particular wine only.
The main peculiar feature of red wine is that grape juice is fermented along with a grape cake from which it is squeezed during wine manufacturing process. Wine makers call this a pulp cake. Wine pulp endows red wine with many properties that are not typical for a white wine, which is produced from the juice alone.
Red wine can be kept in wooden barrels as well as get ready in a neutral container, which has not been in contact with the juice and does not affect wine’s taste (it should be made from a glass or special alloys). Everything depends on the type of wine. Barrel is a significant factor. It imbues the wine with tannins, which are not only involved into formation of flavor, but also have an impact on the human body.
There have been always debates going on regarding the benefits and dangers of a wine. This criticism has been happening since ancient times and it has been primarily focused on impact of alcohol upon human body. Destructive effects of alcohol abuse are obvious. But, when consumed in moderation, it can be beneficial for health. There is no use to go deep into controversial discussions regarding red wine. Let’s figure out what kind of properties and chemistry red wine has.
Benefits of Red Wine
Doctors recommend to consume not more than 100 ml of red wine per day. It has the following beneficial properties:
- It provides human body with manganese, iodine, potassium, magnesium, iron and vitamins В1, В2, С and Р;
- Red wine can also stimulate nitric and carbs exchange;
- It activates functioning of gall bladder and helps body to digest fatty food;
- It helps to fight insomnia as red wine contains melatonin – sleeping hormone;
- Wine efficiently helps to heal some digestive issues;
- Consumed in moderation, it helps to prevent anemia and vitamin deficiency as it helps to digest iron from food;
- Polyphenols regulate blood sugar levels.
Red wine also contains resveratrol, which has a positive impact on the human body. This substance does the following things:
- It protects the human body cells from harmful impact of ultraviolet spectrum of sunlight and radiation reducing a risk of developing cancer;
- It prevents cancer and has anti-inflammatory properties;
- It contains catechins which are well known for their anti-microbial properties and boost the immune system;
- It reduces an amount of fat cells in the body by preventing obesity and metabolic dysfunction;
- It prevents formation of the blood clots diluting the blood and preventing platelets from sticking together;
- It increases an amount of high blood lipoproteins which decrease bad cholesterol levels in the human body and, thus, lower the risk of atherosclerosis.
Also, doctors are considering resveratrol as a natural bio stimulator, which acts in a way similar to estrogen. It effectively prevents osteoporosis and other estrogen-related diseases.
In addition, resveratrol enhances productivity of mitochondria – the parts of cells that help to store energy. As a result, red wine prevents an occurrence of chronic fatigue syndrome.
Red wine is very good for old people. It prevents hearing loss, formation of kidney stones and disruption of brain functioning including development of dementia. This drink is a great way to speed up the body’s recovery after stroke or heart attack as well as to prolong active way of life. You don’t have to drink it every day to stay healthy. Two or three times a week will perfectly do.
Physicians believe that the most useful drink is a dry wine, which is made from the grapes that grow in sunny regions. Another positive property of red wine is its ability to reduce depression.
Statistics and studies, which are related to consumption of red wine, are also a very great subject for interest. Numerous observations have established the relationship between an incidence of certain diseases and inclusion of red wine into nutrition. Many facts prove usefulness of this drink. It is also not necessary that there is any link between the use or disuse of wine and life span. Perhaps this situation is observed because very few people adhere to the recommendations regarding the amount of alcohol consumed and they consume it in too large amounts to get any benefits from its use.
Dangers of Red Wine
Red wine is an alcohol drink. When overused, it may cause dependence and result in development of alcoholism. In addition, regular consumption of red wine in amounts exceeding 300 grams slows down enzymatic metabolism. It results in delayed removal of an acetaldehyde – toxin, which is a product of disintegration of an alcohol, from the liver. The latter may lead to cirrhosis.
Wine should not be consumed by teens. Consumed even in small doses, it can cause disturbances in brain development.
Wine should not be consumed by pregnant and breastfeeding women. Alcohol can enter baby’s blood stream leading to degradation of the cells in spinal cord and brain.
Wine contains allergens such as histamines, yeast and pollen. This can cause hives, sneezing, itching, and bronchial spasms. Also, wine can intensify migraine attacks in people who are prone to this disease. In this case, it makes sense to stay away from certain varieties matured in the oak barrels since a headache can be caused by the tanning substances wine may contain.
Sometimes the sulfur dioxide is used to suppress yeast activity during fermenting process. This substance causes asthma in asthmatic people.
You should also remember that red wine has a high energy value. 100 grams of wine account for 80 calories.
If you do not like the taste of red wine, then you shouldn’t force yourself to drink it. Other foods and drinks have a similar positive effect. For example, blueberries, cranberries and peanuts are rich in resveratrol. But if you like wine, then consume it in moderation to enjoy its benefits in full.