Two Sides of the Same Coin: Benefits and Disadvantages of Eating Fat
Proteins, fats and carbs should be combined to favor and speed up the weight loss. Nutritionists and doctors are sure that it is not healthy to partially or fully restrict fat consumption in order to avoid unfavorable consequences further on.
The Role Fats Play in Human Body
Fats comprise an essential part of the dietary regimen. Human body needs fats; fat’s type defines whether it’s going to do some good or bad to it. According to statistical data, brain tissues contain about 60% of fat, and cell membranes coating contains about 30% of fat. Fats are involved in supplementation of the metabolic costs, favor forming of the connective tissues and ensure stable functioning of the human body and proper absorption of the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, Е, and К.
Human blood contains complex fats such as lipoproteins and cholesterol as well as simple fats such as triglycerides, ketones, and fatty acids. When they get out of balance, a series of diseases may occur.
Fat Types and Their Impact upon Human Body
Fats, which can be found in foods, are divided to ones that are beneficial or cause harm to the human body. Saturated and trans fats, which undergo hydrogenation and structure changing, palm and coconut oils, fatty and processed meats including sausages cause harm to the human body as they contain cholesterol. And so do the same fatty milk products such as whole milk and milk with 2% fat, fast foods, some pastries and certain bread types. Excessive consumption of the harmful fats may increase likelihood of obesity, diabetes, heart diseases as well as worsen functioning of internal organs, disturb metabolic rate and provoke cancer development.
Cholesterol increases likelihood of atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, brain hemorrhage and myocardial infarction. However, when consumed in small amounts, it is beneficial for human body as it furthers testosterone, estrogen and biliary acids’ production. Lack of cholesterol will result in lack of good fats and hormonal shift in the human body.
Good Fats: Value and Types
Monounsaturated (Omega-9) and polyunsaturated (Omega-3 and Omega-6) fats are considered to be healthy for human body and should be consumed due to the following reasons:
Fatty acids boost up metabolism;
Regular consumption of the good fats prevents depositing fats in unwanted places;
Regular consumption of the unsaturated fats activates PPAR-alpha protein, which furthers burning of the fatty deposits in stomach, waist, thighs and butt’s area and prevents fat accumulation in liver;
Unsaturated fatty acids stabilize blood sugar, that is, help to manage appetite and hunger levels.
Polyunsaturated Omega-3 fats are not produced by the human body and can be obtained during consumption of such foods as fat and semi fat fish, flax seeds, flax, sesame and rape seed oils, beans, Chinese cabbage and broccoli. Omega-6 or GLA furthers production of the natural means of defence against different sicknesses called as prostaglandins. Sun flower, corn, soy and safflower oils as well as pumpkin, sesame, poppy, sun flower seeds, nuts and sprouted wheat are all rich in GLA. Omega-9 provides human body with the oleic acid, which is a part of the lipids the cell membranes do contain. Olive oil, walnuts, hazelnuts, peanuts, sun flower seeds and avocado are all rich in Omega-9.
The Way Healthy Fats Affect Human Body
Healthy fats have the following good properties:
They help to increase tone and boost up a stamina;
They protect human body and act as natural biologically active blood constituents;
They provide body with energy while not letting it to gain weight;
They boost production of hormones including testosterone and prostaglandins;
They lower down the levels of «bad» cholesterol;
They decrease an amount of the inflammatory processes in human body and speed up its healing;
They have anticarcinogenic properties;
They help to manage blood pressure and lower likelihood of the heart diseases;
They help to maintain external tissues in the good shape.
Changes in eating habits and insufficient consumption of good fats causes the following things:
Chronic fatigue syndrome;
Disturbance in hormonal balance;
Delays in mental and physical development;
Muscular weakness and atrophy;
Loss of the bony tissues.
Healthy way of life implies consumption of good fats in proper amounts. Consuming healthy fats and managing amounts of «bad» fats in our bodies, we are able to maintain its proper functioning at an adequate level.
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